When India attacked Pakistan in 1965, the Indian army did not know what kind of men it would have to fight to invade Pakistan. Standing in the way of the Indian army were many brave sons of Pakistan. These heroes were outnumbered but not outmatched, and they stopped the advance of the Indian forces.

Major Aziz Bhatti was posted in Burki territory of Lahore, and he and his men were tasked with defending the BRB canal. For 5 days and 5 nights, Major Aziz Bhatti and his men repulsed a much larger Indian force, and did not let the enemy advance an inch.




Leading his men from the front, Major Aziz Bhatti was exposed to Indian shelling as he directed and instructed his troops. On 11th September 1965, Major Aziz Bhatti embraced shahadat when he was hit in the chest by an enemy tank shell.

A day before his shahadat, Major Aziz Bhatti had been advised by the commanding officer to take some rest, but he responded, “Do not recall me. I don’t want to go back. I will shed the last drop of my blood in the defense of my dear homeland”.

Major Azizi Bhatti Shaheed was awarded the ‘Nishan-e-Haider,’ the highest military award of Pakistan.


Chughtai Lab and Chughtai Foundation seek to serve humanity by taking on innovative initiatives in the healthcare sectors of Pakistan. With a focus on prevention, our objective is to empower those in most need, particularly children and the elderly, in ways that lead towards sustainable change in their standards of living.




After conducting series of health care camps in Lahore and Islamabad, Chughtai Lab in collaboration with Chughtai Foundation organized one-day medical camp at Junior Leaders School Foundation on 30th August 2016 to endure their objective of healthy Pakistan.


The medical camp is based on a standard health protocol where kids are being assessed for their basic health. The camp includes a series of stations lined up starting from BMI (the measure of body fat based on height and weight) to the doctor’s consultation and the last step includes the administration of medicines. In case there is any requirement of medical test, free blood test service is also provided to children by Chughtai Lab. Doctors from various institutions joined the camp as a volunteer.


The basic aim of the medical camp was to ensure the health of students and provide them required treatment if necessary. After holding the series of camps, the most common illness that has been found in the children was Anemia. Iron deficiency anemia in children is very commonly diagnosed and treated at Chughtai Foundation Medical Camps.





Here are some important points about Anemia that you should remember!


What is Anemia?

Anemia is a condition that develops when your blood lacks enough hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is needed to transport oxygen in the blood.



Anemia can happen if

• Your body doesn’t produce enough red blood cells
• Bleeding causes you to lose red blood cells
• Eating poor diet that may not contain enough iron
• During pregnancy, because it is the time when you need more iron. The amount of iron you eat during these times may not be enough.
• During the menstrual cycle, because the amount of iron you eat during this time may not be enough to replace the amount you lose with bleeding.



Anemia signs vary depending on the cause of your anemia. They may include:

• Fatigue
• Weakness
• Pale or yellowish skin
• Irregular heartbeats
• Shortness of breath
• Dizziness or lightheadedness
• Chest pain
• Cold hands and feet
• Headache
• A tingling feeling in the legs
• Brittle nails
• Tongue swelling
• Strange cravings to eat items such as dirt, clay or ice



A diagnosis of anemia usually involves:

• Complete blood count (CBC), that measures all components of your blood.
• Medical and family history, that indicates whether you are anemic due to illness or genetic problem.
• Others blood tests.
• If you feel any of the symptoms mentioned above, your first step should be to consult your doctor.




Anemia can be detected by simple blood test known as complete blood count (CBC)


We will continue to conduct such camps in future in order to aware the parents about the nutritional needs of their child. If you find anyone around you who has the symptoms like mentioned above, do your part and educate others. Let us work together for a progressive Pakistan and say it loud together “Hamari Qaum- Hamari Zimmadari”



During our lifetime, there would be several times when you will feel you’re done with your life, stumpy and old. There are times when things feel like getting away from you, out of your hand and betraying. Please don’t do that to yourself. There is always a way out to reboot your life. It’s not that you are getting old or losing it, it’s just your typical daily routine has bored you to its core.


You can try these reboots to pullover you life once again. These reboots can give you a refresher in your routine.

Stretch: Stretch your body well before getting out of bed because that relaxes your body muscles and makes it more flexible for a challenging day. You can stretch it on the bed or may do some exercise moves.

Self- Meditation: Take out time for self-meditation and reboot yourself from all the frustrations and energies that you have exhaled.



Eating Habits: Try to divide your meal in a smart and healthy ways because what you eat have a strong impact on your health and how you look.

Control finances & Save money: Be careful about your expenditures and save money. A well-planned person can fulfill all of his/her goals and targets during their lifetime. Don’t wait for the right time; make the time right for yourself.


Set a Calendar: When a person doesn’t have a calendar their life automatically gets disturbed. If you expect a life to do miracles for you, make a plan for whole day and set goals for your life. The purpose to set goals is that you would have always something to achieve.

Reboot your Environment: If you feel like you’re going to drown in stuff every time you enter your house, get a fresh start by rebooting a room. Choose a room of your house in which you spend a lot of time and do the following:

  • Take everything out. You want to end up with an empty room, which will allow you to see how open and free the space feels.
  • Step back and visualize the ideal look of that room.
  • Only put back the things that you need, love, and use (and which really belong in that room).
  • Go slowly, starting with the most essential items.

Once you see how neat and organized everything looks in your newly rebooted room, and how much space you’ve created in that room, you’ll probably be inspired to reboot every room in your house

Reboot your wardrobe: If you have nothing to wear, nothing fits me, everything here is either stained or missing buttons, and then for sure you need a makeover. Completely transform your wardrobe because you are what you wear. Try new things because it’s never too late to see what you are capable to pull off.

Reboot your looks: Can you imagine yourself wearing same clothes each day? Hope so no! Then how can you keep the same looks each day? Keep experimenting with your looks (haircuts and hair colors). This will make you feel fresh, rebooted and people will acknowledge you as a very stylish and gutsy.

Take a break: One should plan for holiday once a year to different destination each time. This is best relaxing self-therapy. Following same routine around the year will make you feel overloaded and bored. Re-treat yourself sooner or later around the year.


Activities: You should plan an activity to practice each day like: Gym, exercise or some type of sport. As we all know we are social animals and socializing is really good. You can even try to make new friends and the bigger social circle you the happier you can be. A person who has many friends can never be alone.



Simple joy of relaxing and feeling touch of cool breeze outdoor is hard to beat. But there is one thing everybody hates. They are small and slow, they bite, and the bite then itches leaving red welts. Yes! Those spoilers are none other than small bugs particularly mosquitoes.


Other than this annoying factor, there is also some life threatening diseases these little creatures spread. They carry some of bacteria’s and viruses causing malaria, dengue, West Nile and yellow fever. There are a lot of misconceptions about mosquitoes.


Here is an inclusive list of the most common myths that people have about mosquitoes.


Myth #1

Both male and female mosquitoes bite and feed on human blood.



No! Only the female mosquito bites. The protein from the blood is use to develop female eggs, so she feeds on blood to take protein. Male mosquitoes feed on the nectar that comes from flower.


Myth #2

Mosquito dies after she feeds on blood.



Female mosquito bites again and again. They are capable of biting more than once. This is how they transmit disease. A female will typically bites on four separate occasions to pass disease on.


Myth #3

The more blood they feed on, the bigger the welt.


mosquito- WELT



The size of welt has nothing to do with amount of blood mosquito draw. It just depends upon how your immune system responds to saliva that has been injected in your skin.


Myth #4

All mosquitoes carry diseases.



Only fresh water species pose potential health risk to humans.


Myth #5

Mosquito are capable of transmitting HIV virus.





There is no any scientific evidence to support this statement. They cannot transmit HIV virus form human t human. The virus that causes AIDS is broken down after digestion in stomach without being passed on.


Protect yourself from mosquitoes. Tell us about some mosquito myths you know?







We make health choices that cover basic health needs and provides optimal support for a healthy you. Though we try a lot, but still let’s rethink, is there anything that we may miss?


Yes! At times we overlook the fact that Vitamin D is an important element for human body and we usually miss to walk in the sunshine. We all need sunshine for our skin to produce vitamin D.


Vitamin D is important building block of body. It needs to build bones, protect against cancer, and strengthen your immune system. One research states that Vitamin D deficiency is the most common medical illness and affecting over one billion people. Deficiency of vitamin D is also linked with depression, diabetes, and heart problems.


Another fact is that you can overcome the Vitamin D deficiency before it gets too late. Before taking any further step, it is imperative to know if you are Vitamin D deficient or not. Identifying vitamin D deficiency can be a tricky thing to do.


So, Here are some signs to show that you are D- deficient.


Sleepy You!

You may feel tired all the time. You feel exhausted even if you are getting a proper sleep. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with sleeping disorder. According to one study it is said that lower level of vitamin D is linked to higher level of daytime sleep.


Sleepy - Vitamin D

Sweaty You!

A sweaty forehead is one of the first classic obvious symptoms of Vitamin D deficiency. If you find yourself gleaming even when you have normal body level, you seriously need to have more vitamin D.


Moody You!

Mood swings; having blues may link to vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D receptors are found in many areas of brain, including areas that are related to depression. According to research in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, women who have low level of vitamin D in their body are twice as likely to combat depression.






Bones! It Hurts.


D- deficiency causes aches and pains in bones and muscles. Adults who have low level of vitamin D in their body may suffer from this pain. This deficiency is also a common risk factor for poor fracture healing.





Do I need to get myself checked?

If you feel that you are having these symptoms, talk to your doctor. He will possibly recommend you a blood test. Blood test is one of the best ways to determine your D level. You may also discuss ways to boost your vitamin D level on time.





Risk factors are something that can increase your risk of developing a particular disease. Some of the factors are under your control and some are not.

Here are some risk factors that you should control, before its too late.



Physical Inactivity




Eid means “recurring happiness” or “festivity”. Eid-ul-Fitr eminently known, as “Choti Eid” is an important event, celebrated around the world. The meaning of this word is “Festival of breaking fast and marks the end of Holy month of Ramadan.” Muslims all over the world celebrate this day with religious harmony and joy.


In the pursuit of Eid, we all have some happenings. Here are some just Eid things that always happen and we always recall them.


30 Days Of Yummy Iftar Menu

Mouth watering food items like Pakoray, Samosa, Kachori, Special Chaat, Fruit salad, dahibhalla, and several types of drinks is the regular menu of iftar for this entire blessed month.




Volunteering Goodness

Being Muslim and having a trust on the judgment day all the Muslims seek to earn all the blessings of Ramadan by doing good deeds, peace-making, giving charity and serving Iftar meals to poor and needy.


Chand Raat

After a long wait, as Moon has sighted here comes the final night “Chand Raat”, a night full of excitement, fun, entertainment, enjoyment, and final night of shopping for Eid days.


chand raat


Eid Holidays

One of the most exciting things about Eid is “Eid Holidays”. Eid holidays are observed officially and celebrated with friends and family. While some prefer to rest and stay at home.


eid holidays


Eidi Collections

The specialty and the most exciting part is Eidi time, where elders give Eidi to young ones. Eidi is always accepted in the happiest manner whether it’s the cash or in form of a gift.




Eid Greetings

Right after the Eid Prayer people exchanges greetings with others. New Dresses, Shoes, Jewelry, Party Make-Ups, Family and Friends get together makes this Eid occasion happiest day of whole year.


eid greetings


Eid Special Menu

Special desserts like Sevaikheer, Sheer Khurma, Sweets, and Custard are also the center of attention on this occasion.


eid food


Families Reunion

Our busy routine and tough schedule keeps us away from the loved ones and quality time with our family, but these special days of Eid brings the joyous and childhood moments back to our life.


family reunion



After so many studies it is being told that Fat is good for you. This Fact is really hard to swallow. Yes! We all need fats; we cannot live without them. But the only thing we need to know is the right type of fat. Just think for a while Are you eating the right type of fat? There are good fats and bad fats to look for in your diet.


Talking about myself. I was a person who used to order food less in fats because of family history of cholesterol.


But in past couple of months I realized that eliminating all fats from your diet and relying on food only with low fats is not a good idea. You don’t really need to eliminate all fats from your diet. In fact, some fats actually helps to promote good health. You only have to figure out that which type is good for you. Be wise one to choose nice one. Choose the healthier types of dietary food and then enjoy your food.




Don’t be afraid to consume fats, we all need adequate fats. It helps to support metabolism, maintain cell membrane integrity, helps nutrient absorption, nerve transmission, immunity, hormone production, and absorption of many nutrients like vitamins A and D. it also keeps us satisfied.


On other side consuming fats contribute to gain weight, heart disease and certain types of cancer.

The key is to swap bad fats with good fats in our diet.

Mainly, there are two groups of fats: Saturated and Unsaturated. Lets talk about both of them.


The Saturated Fats


It’s easy to knot all saturated fats into one group i.e. “Heart threatening” group. But the fact is that there are many kinds of saturated fats. According to studies coconut oil is rich in Lauric acid that raises LDL “a bad cholesterol”. On other side some saturated fats cause the buildup of fatty plaque in arteries.


Saturated fats




Saturated fats are mainly found in animal products such as meat, eggs, dairy and seafood. Plant foods are also high in saturated food like palm oil and coconut oil. Other examples are: lamb, butter, cheese and many more. In addition to these many baked goods and fried foods can contain high levels of saturated fats.



The Unsaturated Fats


The unsaturated fats are called good fats. They are divided into two categories: Polyunsaturated and Monounsaturated. These fats are also known as essential fatty acids. As our bodies are unable to make essential fatty acids, so we need to intake these good fats from our food. These unsaturated fats keep our arteries clear. It helps to produce good cholesterol, which prevents risk of heart disease. Monounsaturated fats lower LDL “a bad cholesterol” and increase HDL “a good cholesterol”. The unsaturated fat serves as energy sources for body. They provide structure for muscles and bones.

 Unsaturated fats



Unsaturated fats are mainly found in nuts including walnuts and peanuts. On other side canola, olive oil, avocado and almonds are also high in unsaturated fats.

Unsaturated fats can help in weight loss and avoid heart problems afterwards in life.



In order to maintain a good level of body fat includes, your overall body composition counts. You can maintain or make adjustments to your body composition through both diet and exercise. Here are some tips to maintain normal fats in your body


  • Avoid cooking food that is high in saturated fats.
  • Minimize using commercially packed foods.
  • Use lower fat version dairy.











Heat Stroke, also known as sunstroke or siriasis, is a severe heat illness in which the body temperature rises to 104 F (40 C). What can possibly be the cause of heat stroke? The answer is; prolonged exposure to high temperatures, usually in combination with dehydration and failed thermoregulation. It occurs more often in elderly people, children, athletes and the people who work outdoors or involved in excessive physical activity. Emergency treatment is required as a result of heat stroke but if not treated, it can quickly damage the brain, heart, kidneys and muscles and can even kill.


Last year, in 2015, around 2000 people got killed in Pakistan; mostly in Sindh and its capital Karachi, due to heat stroke caused by heat wave. Earlier this year, Pakistan Meteorological Department issued a warning of rising temperatures and a hot weather is already being experienced throughout the country. So, there must be precautionary measures to prevent this crisis. Want to know the symptoms of heat stroke? Here are some identifiers.




  • High Blood pressure
  • Red and dry skin (Without sweat)
  • High body temperature
  • A dry and swollen tongue
  • Rapid pulse and breathing
  • Headache and Nausea
  • Dizziness and altered mental state
  • Eventual unconsciousness




If anyone is having all these symptoms and you think he is experiencing a heat stroke, seek medical treatment for him immediately. Also, there are some emergency measures that can help a heat stroke patient in case of unavailability of immediate medical treatment.


Emergency Steps


  • Get the patient indoors
  • Remove the excess clothing
  • Fan continuously
  • Put the patient in a cool tub of water or give him a cool shower, wrap his body with wet towels and put the wet towels on his head, in the armpits, neck and groin. After following these steps, get the patient a proper medical treatment as soon as possible.


Heat stroke is a crisis that can be predicted and prevented. Therefore, contingency planning and solid preparation must be done by the government and citizens alike to battle the heat wave and save lives. What should be done to prevent ourselves from heat stroke? Here are a few steps can be followed;


Heat stroke




  • Wear loose-fitting, light-colored and light-weight clothes
  • Avoid from going outdoors unnecessarily
  • Take cool showers more than once in a day
  • Drink plenty of water and other fluids, avoid carbonated drinks
  • Limit physical activity
  • Keep your environment cool
  • Never stay in a parked car or anyplace without proper ventilation
  • Take extra precaution with medication




The climate has changed big time and we have observed many heat waves in the past few years. How can we prevent this massive climate change and protect ourselves from heat stroke? It is the responsibility of both the government and citizens. The government should make country wide arrangements to tackle the heat wave. Plantation programs must be initiated and citizens must join hands to plant maximum trees to create a cooling impact in the climate so that maximum causalities can be avoided.



Zika virus infection (Zika) is caused by bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito, usually causing rash, muscle pain, mild fever and conjunctivitis (red eyes).  These symptoms last for several days to week after being bitten by an infected mosquito.


People take these symptoms as common illness; they don’t get sick enough to take medication. For this reason they might not realize that they have been infected by this virus.






This virus was first discovered in 1947. The first human cases of Zika were detected in 1952. Before 2007, at least 14 cases of Zika had been documented.


Zika virus has been found in Pakistan too. To treat this infection you should know the symptoms and prevention techniques. Read this symptoms, prevention and treatment of Zika Virus. 



The most common symptoms of Zika are:

  • Exanthema (skin rash)
  • Fever
  • Joint pain
  • Vomit

Symptoms of Zika



Other common symptoms include muscle pain and headache.

Symptoms of Zika virus is similar to those of dengue and yellow fever, which are transmitted by the same type of mosquito.



Incubation period


The incubation period for Zika virus is still not known, but is likely to be a few days to week.




This virus is transmitted to people through bite of mosquito, not from person to person. Recently other less common modes of transmission have been observed.




Through blood donation


Transmission of Zika virus through blood donation is possible. Because transmission of related viruses (dengue) by blood transfusion has been documented previously.




Prevention of Zika infection relies on removal of breeding sites of mosquito and by reducing contact between people and mosquitoes.


This can be done by following ways:


  • Using insect repellent
  • Covering body as much as possible
  • Wearing light colors clothes
  • Using physical barriers such as closed doors and windows
  • Sleeping under mosquito net
  • Cover domestic water tanks so that mosquitoes cannot get in






There is still no vaccination to prevent Zika infection

You can treat Zika virus by following simple tips:

  • Get plenty of rest
  • Take medication to relieve fever
  • Do not take asprin
  • Stay hydrated
  • You should seek medical care and advice if symptoms got worse


Microcephaly – Zika





Complications of microcephaly include:


  • Dwarfism or short stature
  • Facial distortion
  • Mental retardation
  • Hyperactivity
  • Seizures.


Facts related to Zika Virus




Treat Zika Virus on time to avoid complications!

For more information click on the link below!



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